Find answers to “how to calculate overtime” or “what is the minimum wage” in your state. The following FAQs are a result of the most popular inquiries the Firm receives related to labor laws and employee rights. Answers to FAQs in no way serve as legal advice and individuals should consult with an attorney to address individual questions and concerns. If you do not find what you are looking for, please contact us for a free consultation or email us at

A: Shift jamming is specific to state law. For instance, in Nevada under NRS 608.018, employees who earn less than 1 and ½ times the minimum wage ($10.88 or $12.38), who work more than eight (8) hours in a day must be paid their overtime premium rate for all hours worked over eight (8) in a 24-hour period. Thus, an employee who works a shift with less than 16-hours in between the end of one shift and the beginning of the next shift (“jammed shift”) must be paid overtime premium pay for any hours over eight in that 24-hour period.

A: As of January 1, 2014, the minimum wage in Nevada is $7.25 per hour for workers who are offered health care coverage and $8.25 for those without workplace policies. Nevada voters in 2006 approved a constitutional amendment setting the state minimum wage at $1 above the federal minimum wage if no employer-paid health coverage is offered.

A: As of July 1, 2014, the minimum wage in California is $9.00 per hour. Effective January 1, 2016, the minimum wage in California is $10.00 per hour. There are some employees who are exempt from the minimum wage law, such as outside salespersons, individuals who are the parent, spouse, or child of the employer, and apprentices regularly indentured under the State Division of Apprenticeship Standards. Effective January 1, 2017 the minimum wage for employers who have more than 26 employees is $10.50. The minimum wage remains $10.00 for employers with 25 or less employees.

A: It is important that you notify our office immediately if you have any change in your contact information.

A: Typically employees do not retain such records and it is not fatal to a claim for unpaid wages. You employer typically is in possession of such information that will be requested in the course of the lawsuit. Your testimony that you worked without being paid the appropriate wages may be sufficient to prevail on a wage claim.

A: A named-plaintiff is someone who likely initiated the lawsuit and whose name appears on the caption of the lawsuit. Typically, a named-plaintiff will become a class representative.

A: A class representative is someone who is authorized to make decisions on behalf of the class that he or she represents and puts the interest of the class ahead of his or her personal interest in the litigation.

A: You must disclose that you are part of an action on your bankruptcy petition.

A: If you have lost a family member that was a part of a class action, it is important to notify our office immediately, but the estate may pursue the claim on the decedent’s behalf.

A: Even if you have missed the deadline, you may submit your consent to join, and should do so immediately, however, we cannot guarantee that the court will allow you to join in the action if the deadline has passed.

A: Federal law prohibits retaliation for seeking unpaid wages or otherwise defending your rights at work. The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) also prohibits employers from taking adverse action against you for speaking to your coworkers or joining with your coworkers to improve your working conditions. Most state laws also have anti-retaliation provisions.

A: Every case is different. We cannot guarantee anything. However, to give you an idea – and this is only an example, please visit our overtime calculation page or contact us if you are concerned. If you participate as a named-Plaintiff and are approved to serve as a class representative, you may receive an additional amount of money for your participation in the action on behalf of other employees.

A: The process begins with filing settlement papers with the court for preliminary approval. Should preliminary approval be granted, notice goes out to the Class about the settlement so they can join, opt-out, or object. Following this process, papers are filed with the court for final approval of the settlement including payments to class representatives, attorneys’ fees and costs.

A: A typical litigation process is as follows:

  1. Conduct investigation
  2. File lawsuit
  3. Move for conditional certification
  4. Allow employees opportunity to opt-in
  5. Conduct discovery (information gathering process)
  6. Move for class certification
  7. Oppose motions to get rid of the case
  8. Proceed to trial
  9. Appeal

A: Class representatives and named-plaintiffs have greater responsibilities than individuals who simply join in the action.  But if you join in the action as an opt-in plaintiff or participate in some other way as a class member, you may be required to respond to written questions or be questioned by the attorney representing the defendant.  You may also be requested to appear at trial to support a claim for compensation.  If you have any further questions on this, please do not hesitate to contact our office.

A: There is no set time as each Class Action varies, however, on average they typically last between 2 to 4 years.

A: “Off-the-clock” work is defined as any work that you perform that you have not been paid for. This type of work typically involves a scenario where an employee engages in work related activities such as collecting keys, radios, cash, equipment, and attending pre-shift meetings prior to clocking-in and/or after clocking-out of the employer’s time keeping system.  Click this link for more information on “off-the-clock” work.

A: We favor the percentage of recovery method because it aligns our interests with the interests of the class. The more the class recovers, the more we receive in fees. We are rewarded for results, not effort, which is the American way. However, almost all the cases we handle are based on so-called “fee shifting” statutes.  In most cases, we seek one third of the total recovery as our fee, which we think is on the low side of typical attorney contingency fee awards nowadays. In federal Court, the Ninth Circuit “benchmark” is 25%, but there may be exceptions, either upwards for extra work or a small class or downwards, if the recovery exceeds $100 million.

A: Attorneys who represent the people suing, the plaintiffs, in class action cases typically are paid on a contingency basis. The attorneys take a percentage of any recovery for the class. Likewise we advance all costs, and recover them only if there is a recovery.  Because the fees depend on the recovery, the attorneys and the class members are completely allied in their desire to maximize recovery in an uncertain situation.